Mcgregor's ideas about theory x and theory y were first articulated in his article, the human side of enterprise, (mcgregor, 1957) and were expanded upon in his book with the same title (mcgregor, 1960. Shortly before he died, mcgregor was developing an outline for something he called theory z, an answer to many of the criticisms of theories x and y but his thoughts were never widely published. Theory x is based on a pessimistic view of employee motivation and behavior, while theory y is based on an optimistic view of employee motivation and behavior theory x managers believe employees.
Douglas mcgregor was a famous motivational theory professor and known for theory x and theory y read more about his biography and quotes. Mcgregor's theory x and theory y the idea that a manager's attitude has an impact on employee motivation was originally proposed by douglas mcgregor, a management professor at the massachusetts institute of technology during the 1950s and 1960s. Mcgregor theory x introduction: in 1960, douglas mcgregor an american psychologist formulated a theory that has changed the path of management thinking and practice he proposed two sets of assumptions about employee's attitude and behaviour, so the manager will be in a better position to manage the workers and achieve organizational goals.
The douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y incorporate both internal and external work motivation and management mcgregor's sets forth two alternative views of human nature first view are called theory-x and the second view is called theory-y. Theory x and theory y framework proposed by mcgregor in his classic book the human side of enterprise (1960) consists of two alternative set of assumptions theory x percieves employees to be lazy, irresponsible and untrustworthy, while according to theory y employees are approached as one of the. Mcgregor sees theory y as the preferable model and management method, however he felt it was difficult to use in large-scale operations in 1981, william. Hard or soft management explanation of theory x theory y of mcgregor ('60) explanation of theory z by william ouchi what is the relevance of theory x and y.
In theory x and theory y of motivation by mcgregor, managerial assumptions in theory x are negative approach and in theory-y are positive about employees. Theory x and theory y (douglas mcgregor) douglas mcgregor in his book, the human side of enterprise published in 1960 has examined theories on behavior. Learn more about the douglas mcgregor theory x and theory y to understand leadership styles which depend on the perception of people read more. Theory x and theory y was created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s it describes two very different attitudes towards workforce motivation mcgregor felt that companies followed either one of these approaches.
Mcgregor's theory-x and theory-y this question of motivation has been studied by management theorists and social psychologists for decades, in attempts to identify successful approaches to management. Unit 5 video on mcgregor's theory x & y, managers perceptions of employee motivations-- created using powtoon -- free sign up at ma. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor (see article) in his 1960 book the human side of enterprise it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles.
Social psychologist mcgregor's theory-x and theory-yof mit expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960s: the x theory and the y theory. Quotes about douglas mcgregor [douglas mcgregor] coined the two terms theory x and theory y and used them to label two sets of beliefs a manager might hold about the origins of human behaviour he pointed out that the manager's own behaviour would be largely determined by the particular beliefs that he subscribed tomcgregor hoped that his. Professor douglas mcgregor highlighted that there is a significant relationship between motivation and leadership among people he summarized the findings of the hawthorn experiment by introducing both theory x and theory y it is important to note that both theory x and theory y are based on the. Mcgregor's management styles - theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906-1964) developed a philosophical view of humankind with his theory x and theory y these are two opposing perceptions about how people view human behaviour at work and organisational life.
Theory x - authoritarian, repressive style tight control, no development produces limited, depressed culture management staff management staff theory y - liberating and developmental. In 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y. (mcgregor 1960, 49, 245 tausky 1992, 4), theory x assumptions still prevail in the work- place (collins 1996) and some management students still prefer those assumptions to theory y assumptions (weinstein 2001. Theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906 -1964) was a lecturer at harvard university and became the first sloan fellows professor at mit his theory x and theory y was detailed in the human side of enterprise, published in 1960.